Cuts in greenhouse gas emissions will have to come largely from consumers because businesses are running out of scope to curb their carbon dioxide output, according to the CBI.
Matthew Farrow, head of environment at the employers’ body, said: “[There needs to be] more reductions from households than from businesses. Businesses have done most of the heavy lifting [on emissions] to date.”
Consumers could lower emissions by making fewer trips in their car, insulating their homes more effectively and avoiding leaving electrical appliances, such as televisions, on standby.
The CBI, which is to issue a report on energy, also called for greater use of fiscal measures to encourage cuts in sectors not covered by the European Union’s emissions trading scheme, which only applies to the most energy-intensive companies.